LIDAR, short for light detection and ranging or “light radar”, is used to measure distances with high resolution and precision. The opportunities for using LIDARare plenty, most notably in automotive, where it is used in advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and in autonomous driving, providing a better resolution than radar. PICs offer some very concrete opportunities for LIDAR.
PICs for Gas Sensing
Gas sensors and analyzers find applications in many fields, including (bio)chemical industry, automotive, agriculture, and general environmental sensing in urban areas. Photonic integration can combine all elements of a gas sensor on a single photonic integrated circuit (PIC).
PICs for Quantum Key Distribution
Every day, we generate, send, and receive large amounts of digital information and, for the most part, hope that sensitive information is secure on these networks. Trustworthy data transit, storage and internet usage thus requires unbreakable security protocols beyond classical encryption.
Laser sources for silicon photonics
Silicon photonics promises highly integrated photonic integrated circuits (PICs), fabricated using a mature, CMOS-compatible, infrastructure. This leads, in principle, to robust, high-yield, and reproducible production of PICs. However, most silicon photonics technologies lack integrated sources, and rely on external lasers as a light source. This application note shares the opportunities for open access and generic technologies to deliver these external lasers.
Fibre-optic sensors, and in particular Fibre-Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors, find application in a plethora of areas. Especially mobility, medical, energy, and industrial sectors demand such flexible, highly reliable sensors, suitable for employment in specialty environments, dealing with, e.g., temperature extremes, chemical exposure or fire hazardous environments.
InP PICs for Coherent Communication
Coherent optical communication supports higher data rates through fiber optic cables by not only encoding information in the amplitude of the optical signal but also in its phase and polarization. Driven by the exponential growth in demanded network capacity, on the one hand, and technological advancement in laser and integrated photonics technology and maturity on the other, coherent communication is gaining traction.
Widely-Tunable Integrated InP Lasers
Widely-tunable lasers can find application in a large variety of tasks including sensing, communication technologies and beam steering. Integrated indium phosphide (InP) technology can cater to these applications with widely-tunable laser sources and additional functions integrated on a single chip.
PIC Evaluation with PIConnect
Fraunhofer HHI has developed PIConnect: a new PIC evaluation setup with integrated laser drivers, current and voltage sources. This evaluation setup simplifies the handling and characterization of PICs and lowers financial investment at an exploration stage.
Photonic Packaging of InP PICs
Photonics packaging covers the optical, electronic, and thermal coupling of photonic integrated circuits (PICs) to the outside world resorting to a suitable mechanical solution. The procedures associated with packaging of photonic devices are often underestimated and remain technically challenging.